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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 45-48

Management of florid diabetic retinopathy

1 Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Al-Mustansiriya University, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Department of Medicine, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq
3 Department of Vitreoretinal, Ibn Al-Haetham Teaching Eye Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Faiz I Shakarchi
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Al-Mustansiriya University, Baghdad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJ.MJ_28_20

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Background: Florid diabetic retinopathy (FDR) is a severe form of proliferative diabetic retinopathy associated with high risk of blindness. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of prompt intravitreal injection of bevacizumab followed by complete pan-retinal photocoagulation (PRP) for treating eyes with FDR. Setting and Design: Prospective, interventional case series. Patients and Methods: Patients with FDR were treated initially with intravitreal injections of bevacizumab 1.25 mg. One week after the injection, patients were sent for wide field fluorescein angiography (WFA), and PRP was performed in two sessions, 2 weeks apart. Patients were examined every 2–4 weeks to determine the status of new vessels (NVs). Additional laser burns were applied in cases with recurrence of NVs. Statistical Analysis: Numbers and percentages were calculated and reported. Results: Eleven patients (18 eyes) with FDR were included. All included patients had poorly controlled diabetes mellitus with mean glycated hemoglobin of 10.6%. One week after the injection, all eyes showed clinical regression of NVs. WFA showed extensive areas of peripheral retinal capillary nonperfusion. Eight weeks after the injection, three eyes (16.7%) showed recurrent increase in NVs, and additional laser therapy was performed for these eyes with special attention to ablating the areas of peripheral capillary non-perfusion. After 16 weeks from the primary treatment, 15 eyes (83.3%) had complete neovascular regression on clinical and angiographic assessment. Pars planavitrectomy was required for three eyes (16.7%) with tractional retinal detachment (2 eyes) or macular epi-retinal membranes (one eye). Conclusions: According to this study, most cases with FDR stabilized after prompt bevacizumab injection followed by complete PRP with special attention for ablating the peripheral capillary nonperfusion areas, guided by WFA images.

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